Echeveria propagation by division is the easiest way to create more plants of these beautiful succulents to expand your garden.
Echeveria has over 150 species with the characteristic rosettes and fleshy colourful leaves. They have flowers forming on short stems and are also an important host plant for butterflies.
These succulents are native to semi-desert regions of Central America, Mexico and North Western South America making them the perfect plant for dry and arid areas.
Echeveria are drought tolerant however they grow best when they get a regular deep watering and a liquid fertilizer once a month. Most varieties are frost tolerant and will tolerate some shade however a full sun position is best.
You may find the lower leaves drop off in the winter. Be sure to discard these leaves as they can rot and harbor harmful fungus.
Echeverias like a hot position in full sun with free draining soil. Rockeries and sandy soils are perfect for these hardy succulents. Mass plantings along a border will look stunning.
Echeveria Propagation by Division
The new plants can be either planted in a pot until you are ready to plant it out or planted direct in its final position. If you are keeping them in a pot remember to let the pot dry out between watering as the roots don’t like to be waterlogged.
Tools and Materials Needed
- Trowel – This ergonomic garden tool set from Alloy Steel is top rated and great value. They also make a great present for a gardening enthusiast. (Paid link)
- Pot and Potting Mix (Optional)
- Compost and Sand or Dolomite for Heavy or Clay Soils
How to propagate echeveria by division.
- Prepare the New Position or Pot
Prepare the new position in the garden. Improve heavy soils by adding dolomite or a 50/50 mix of sand and compost otherwise simply make a hole about 5 inches (12.5cm) wide and 5 inches (12.5cm) deep with the trowel. For planting in a pot; add potting mix to the pot, water well then make a hole in the middle.
- Water the Existing Echeveria
Water the existing plant well. Look for the new rosettes forming around the outside edge of the main plant. These are called chicks.
- Remove the New Rosettes
Some of these chicks may be still attached to the middle stem and haven’t yet developed their own roots. Loosen the soil around the plant then feel around the chicks for a root structure. Gently pull the chick out of the ground. It should easily snap from the main plant.
Chicks without roots can be snapped from the main plant then placed direct in their final position without needing rooting hormone powder. They will grow roots on their own however propagating the chicks with roots already formed will ensure success.
- Plant in Final Position
Place the new echeveria plant in its final position or pot then firm the soil around it with the base of the rosette at ground level. Water in well then water regularly for the first few weeks letting the soil dry out in between.
Do you have a porch or veranda which gets the afternoon sun? Consider planting 3 echeveria chicks in a hanging pot for an interesting display which will take little care. They will soon produce more chicks and fill the pot.
When planting echeveria in pots they will grow in a cheap straight potting mix but you can add up to 50% sand if you have the sand readily available to save your potting mix for other plants.
This beautiful 3 tier hanging planter pots are perfect for succulents and is great for small patios. (Paid link)
For more information on gardening and preserving food, see this guide to Homesteading.
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