This easy step by step guide with pictures shows how to take rose cuttings creating more of your favourite rose bush for your garden or just as a gift for a friend. Roses are a must for any garden growing in a wide range of conditions and with blooms of just about any colour you can think of.
Rose cuttings are best taken in the fall (autumn) then placed in a shady protected position until the spring when they can be potted up with their new root system. It is best to wait another year before planting out in the garden so this is a long-term project but worthwhile as you can save a great deal of money.
When taking the rose cuttings, you can use either individual pots or one long pot planting several cuttings in the pot. Leave at least 5 inches (12cm) between each cutting. It is best to take several cuttings as not all of the cuttings will grow roots.
Always wear leather gloves when handling roses to prevent scratches.
Tools and Materials Needed
- Pruners – Ratchet Pruners are great for sore hands. (Paid link)
- Pot and Saucer
- Potting Mix
- Growth Hormone Powder
- Slow Release Fertilizer or Compost
- Leather Gloves (Paid link)
How to Take Rose Cuttings
- Prepare Your Pot
First prepare your pot by filling with the potting mix up to an inch (2.5cm) from the top. Place the pot in a saucer then water well. The saucer will help to keep the soil moist. Make a hole in the potting mix with your finger 2 inches (5cm) deep.
- Take the Rose Cutting
Next take the rose cutting. Look for a new stem approximately ¼ inch (5mm) in diameter. Cut a length 6 to 8 inches (15 to 20cm) long at an angle. Cut off the top growth at an angle above a node.
- Plant the Cutting
Remove the bottom leaves then place the end of the cutting in the growth hormone powder. Place in the hole made in the pot then gently firm the soil around the cutting.
- Protect the New Rose Cuttings
Place pots in a shady protected spot such as under a porch or veranda then keep moist through the cooler months. The top leaves will slowly drop off with new growth appearing from the nodes as the weather begins to warm up again in the spring.
- Pot Up
Once new leaves form during the first weeks of spring the roses can be potted up to larger individual pots with slow release fertilizer or compost added to the potting mix. If any cuttings haven’t grown roots by now then it is best to discard them. Make sure the new growth is above the soil level.
- First Year Care
Place the pots in the shade for a few weeks then move to a position that receives at least half a day of sun. When you see roots growing out the bottom of your pot it is time to pot up to a larger pot.
Water regularly but do not keep the roots waterlogged.
This top rated self watering pot from Amazon is a great option for busy people. (Paid link)
Planting Out Your New Rose
The new rose can be planted out into your garden when it is dormant the following winter or in the spring. It will be 1 year and a few months from when the cutting was taken.
Once potted up, the rose can be given liquid seaweed fertilizer (paid link) every two weeks to give it an extra boost.
If you don’t have growth hormone powder try dipping the end of the rose cutting in honey.
Some young roses will have smaller blooms for the first year or two so don’t be discouraged.
Are you a homebody? You might like this Homesteading guide.
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